- 1 All the previous British Prime Ministers since 1957 needed Britain to be a member of the European Group. Might they all have been fallacious?
- 2 PRIME MINISTER HAROLD MACMILLAN – CONSERVATIVE, 1957 to 1963
- 3 PRIME MINISTER SIR ALEC DOUGLAS-HOME – CONSERVATIVE, 1963 to 1964
- 4 PRIME MINISTER EDWARD HEATH – CONSERVATIVE, 1970 to 1974
- 5 PRIME MINISTER HAROLD WILSON – LABOUR, 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976
- 6 PRIME MINISTER JAMES CALLAGHAN – LABOUR, 1976 to 1979
- 7 PRIME MINISTER MARGARET THATCHER – CONSERVATIVE, 1979 to 1990
- 8 PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR – CONSERVATIVE, 1990 to 1997
- 9 PRIME MINISTER TONY BLAIR – LABOUR, 1997 to 2007
- 10 PRIME MINISTER GORDON BROWN – LABOUR, 2007 to 2010
- 11 PRIME MINISTER DAVID CAMERON – CONSERVATIVE, 2010 TO 2016
- 12 ▪ ALL OF THESE 10 PRIME MINISTERS had good points and dangerous points, and policies that not everybody agreed with.
- 13 Just one Prime Minister (Theresa Might), out of Britain’s eleven Prime Ministers of the past 62 years, needs us out of Europe, when all the opposite Prime Ministers needed us in.
- 13.1 * Before Harold Macmillan, Sir Anthony Eden was Conservative Prime Minister from 1955 until he resigned on 9 January 1957. He was a Eurosceptic who made the momentous determination for the UK not to be a founder member of the European Financial Group, when six different European nations signed the Treaty of Rome, just two months after Sir Anthony left office.
- 13.2 * Earlier than Sir Anthony Eden, Sir Winston Churchill was the Conservative Prime Minister from 1951 to 1955. In the quick post-war years, he strongly promoted ‘a union of Europe as an entire’ and a ‘United States of Europe’ however he didn’t envisage at that time Britain becoming a member of such a union. There’s compelling evidence, nevertheless, that Churchill – who’s recognised as one of the 11 founders of the European Union – changed his mind in the late 1950s. Please see my separate report ‘Winston Churchill: A founder of the European Union’
All the previous British Prime Ministers since 1957 needed Britain to be a member of the European Group. Might they all have been fallacious?
Prior to now 62 years, there’s just one Prime Minister who needs us to show our again on Europe – the present incumbent, Theresa Might.
(Nevertheless, before she turned Prime Minister, she informed the nation that it was in Britain’s greatest interests to stay within the EU.)
Britain is now throwing away the combined knowledge of ten consecutive previous Prime Ministers, all of whom needed Britain to be within the European Group.
PRIME MINISTER HAROLD MACMILLAN – CONSERVATIVE, 1957 to 1963
In 1961, Harold Macmillan utilized for Britain to hitch the European Economic Group, just 4 years after it was shaped with the signing of the Treaty of Rome by six other European nations.
Mr Macmillan explained to the nation:
“By negotiating for British membership of the European Economic Group and its Widespread Market, the current Conservative Government has taken what is probably probably the most fateful and forward wanting policy choice in our peacetime history.
“We did not achieve this frivolously. It was solely after a looking research of all the information that we came to simply accept this as the correct and proper course.”
“By joining this vigorous and expanding group and turning into certainly one of its main members, as I’m convinced we might, this nation wouldn’t only achieve a new stature in Europe, but in addition improve its standing and affect in the councils of the world.”
PRIME MINISTER SIR ALEC DOUGLAS-HOME – CONSERVATIVE, 1963 to 1964
Mr Macmillan’s successor, Sir Alec Douglas-Residence, was briefly prime minister for one yr from 1964. He supported Britain’s software to hitch the European Group. Sir Alec stated:
“I’ve never made it a secret that I can’t see an alternate which might supply nearly as good a prospect for this country as becoming a member of the EEC [European Community].”
As Overseas Secretary in Edward Heath’s authorities, Sir Alec stated:
“I, too, have concluded by way of the years that membership of the Group can be advantageous to Britain.
“I virtually add ‘crucial for Britain’, because I am acutely acutely aware that there are two questions which should be requested : not only whether or not we should always go in, however what is the prospect for Britain if we stay out.
“Those two questions should be asked because, whether we are in or out, the Group goes on.”
PRIME MINISTER EDWARD HEATH – CONSERVATIVE, 1970 to 1974
It was Conservative Prime Minister, Edward Heath, who joined Britain to the European Group following the backing of Parliament after 300 hours of debate.
On the evening of 28 October 1971, Mr Heath addressed the House of Commons through the momentous debate on Britain becoming a member of the European Group. He stated:
“Certainly we must think about the results of staying out. We can’t delude ourselves that an early probability can be given us to take the choice again.
“We ought to be denying ourselves and succeeding generations the opportunities which are available to us in so many spheres; alternatives which we ourselves on this nation should seize”
Mr Heath added:
“..tonight when this Home endorses this Motion many hundreds of thousands of individuals right the world over will rejoice that we now have taken our rightful place in a very United Europe.”
Parliament did endorse the Motion, and Britain subsequently joined the European Financial Group on 1 January 1973.
Mr Heath explained to the nation just before we joined:
“The group which we are becoming a member of is excess of a standard market. It’s a group within the true sense of that time period.
“It’s concerned not solely with the institution of free trade, financial and monetary union and different major financial points, necessary though these are — but in addition because the Paris Summit Assembly has demonstrated, with social issues which affect us all — environmental questions, working circumstances in business, shopper safety, assist to improvement areas and vocational training.”
PRIME MINISTER HAROLD WILSON – LABOUR, 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976
In 1975, just two years after Britain joined the European Group (also then referred to as ‘the Widespread Market’), Prime Minister Harold Wilson provided the nation a referendum on whether or not to remain a member.
In that referendum, Mr Wilson endorsed the ‘Sure’ vote which gained by a landslide – by 67% to 33%.
Earlier than the referendum, Mr Wilson informed the House of Commons on 7 April 1975:
“My judgment, on an evaluation of all that has been achieved and all that has modified, is that to stay in the Group is greatest for Britain, for Europe, for the Commonwealth, for the Third World and the wider world.”
In the course of the referendum campaign, he stated that he was recommending continued membership in “robust phrases”.
He stated that it might be “simpler and more helpful” to unravel Britain’s economic problems “if we are within the Market than if we have been to be out of the Market.”
In recommending continued membership, Mr Wilson’s authorities sent a pamphlet to every household explaining the primary goals of the Widespread Market:
• To deliver collectively the peoples of Europe.
• To boost dwelling standards and improve working circumstances.
• To promote progress and increase world commerce.
• To assist the poorest areas of Europe and the remainder of the world.
• To assist keep peace and freedom.
PRIME MINISTER JAMES CALLAGHAN – LABOUR, 1976 to 1979
As Overseas Secretary in the course of the first referendum on Europe in 1975, James Callaghan supported the ‘Sure’ vote for Britain’s continued membership of the European Group, having led the negotiations for Britain’s new terms of membership.
He stated, “Britain is in, we should always keep in” and he also stated, “The Government asks you to vote ‘Sure’, clearly and unmistakeably.”
Although crucial of the European Group’s “nonsense” agricultural coverage, Mr Callaghan as Prime Minister supported continued membership. For his get together’s 1979 manifesto he wrote:
“We’re prepared and prepared to work with our European companions in closer unity.”
The manifesto referred to as for Greece, Portugal, and Spain to “obtain an early welcome into the Group” and for reforms to the European Group’s Widespread Agricultural Policy.
PRIME MINISTER MARGARET THATCHER – CONSERVATIVE, 1979 to 1990
Through the referendum marketing campaign of 1975, the Conservative leader, Margaret Thatcher, strongly campaigned for Britain to remain a member of the European Group.
In a keynote speech on the time she stated:
“It isn’t shocking that I, as Chief of the Conservative Get together, ought to wish to give my wholehearted help to this marketing campaign, for the Conservative Celebration has been pursuing the European imaginative and prescient virtually as long as we now have existed as a Social gathering.”
Throughout her tenure as Prime Minister, Mrs Thatcher is credited with pushing for, and making potential, the Single Market of Europe.
In September 1988 Mrs Thatcher gave a serious speech about the future of Europe. She stated:
“Britain doesn’t dream of some cosy, remoted existence on the fringes of the European Group. Our future is in Europe, as part of the Group.”
“Let Europe be a household of countries, understanding one another higher, appreciating each other extra, doing more together but relishing our national id a minimum of our widespread European endeavour.”
Crucially she stated in help of the Single Market:
“By eliminating obstacles, by making it attainable for corporations to operate on a European scale, we will greatest compete with the USA, Japan and other new financial powers emerging in Asia and elsewhere.”
PRIME MINISTER JOHN MAJOR – CONSERVATIVE, 1990 to 1997
It was Conservative Prime Minister, John Major, who negotiated and gained Parliament’s backing to signal the Maastricht Treaty, that among other benefits gave us EU Citizenship rights allowing us to reside, work, research or retire throughout an enormous expanse of our continent.
On the Tory Celebration Conference of 1992, simply six months after John Major gained a shock victory in the Basic Election, he stated to the social gathering trustworthy:
“I converse as one who believes Britain’s future lies with Europe.”
And Mr Main warned about Britain strolling away from Europe:
“We might be breaking Britain’s future influence in Europe. We might be ending for ever our hopes of constructing the type of Europe that we would like.
“And we might be doing that, simply when across Europe the argument is coming our approach. We might be leaving European policy to the French and the Germans.
“That isn’t a policy for Great Britain. It will be an historic mistake. And not one your Government is going to make.”
“Allow us to not overlook why we joined the Group. It has given us jobs. New markets. New horizons. Almost 60 per cent of our trade is now with our partners. It is the single most essential think about attracting a tide of Japanese and American investment to our shores, providing jobs for our individuals..
“However probably the most far-reaching, probably the most profound cause for working together in Europe I depart until final. It’s peace. The peace and stability of a continent, ravaged by complete warfare twice in this century.”
PRIME MINISTER TONY BLAIR – LABOUR, 1997 to 2007
Tony Blair, Labour’s longest-serving Prime Minister and, thus far, the longest-serving Prime Minister of this century, was and nonetheless is a pure pro-European.
Mr Blair was just lately described by Andrew Adonis, his former policy chief, as:
“Probably the most instinctively pro-European prime minister since Edward Heath.”
In his memoirs, Mr Blair wrote:
“I regarded anti-European feeling as hopelessly, absurdly outdated and unrealistic.”
Mr Blair’s first manifesto, simply before coming to power in 1997, promised that:
‘We’ll give Britain the leadership in Europe which Britain and Europe want.’
In a keynote speech to the European Parliament in 2005, Mr Blair stated:
“I’m a passionate pro-European. I all the time have been. My first vote was in 1975 in the British referendum on membership and I voted yes.”
He added that the European Union is:
“a union of values, of solidarity between nations and other people, of not only a widespread market during which we trade but a standard political area through which we stay as citizens. It all the time will probably be.”
“I consider in Europe as a political venture. I consider in Europe with a robust and caring social dimension. I might never accept a Europe that was simply an economic market.”
Mr Blair concluded:
“The broad sweep of history is on the aspect of the EU. Nations round the world are coming collectively as a result of in collective cooperation they improve individual power.”
PRIME MINISTER GORDON BROWN – LABOUR, 2007 to 2010
Gordon Brown was the first Prime Minister from a Scottish constituency because the Conservative’s Sir Alec Douglas-Residence in 1964. He came into energy simply because the world was going into financial meltdown.
However he noticed the European Union as being uniquely placed to “lead the world by means of international disaster.”
In a speech to the European Parliament in 2009, Mr Brown stated:
“At the moment we take pleasure in a Europe of peace and unity which can really rank among the many best of human achievements and which is at the moment a beacon of hope for the whole world.”
He was proud to say that Britain right now was a country “not in Europe’s slipstream but firmly in its mainstream”.
Europe was uniquely positioned to steer the world in meeting the challenges of globalisation precisely as a result of it had achieved:
• “the greatest and largest single market on the planet”,
• “probably the most comprehensive framework of environmental safety”,
• “the world’s largest programme of help” and
• “probably the most complete social safety anyplace on the earth”.
PRIME MINISTER DAVID CAMERON – CONSERVATIVE, 2010 TO 2016
David Cameron was the only leader of a foremost political celebration to call for a second referendum on Britain’s membership of the European Group.
Through the subsequent 2016 referendum campaign, he urged the country to vote to ‘Remain’ within the EU, which was his government’s official position.
In a keynote speech simply days before the vote, Mr Cameron informed the country:
“I feel so strongly that Britain should remain in Europe. Above all, it’s about our financial system. It is going to be stronger if we keep. Will probably be weaker if we depart.”
“Britain is best off contained in the EU than out on our personal. On the heart of that is the Single Market – 500 million clients on our doorstep…a source of so many jobs, a lot trade, and such a wealth of alternative for our young individuals.
“Leaving the EU would put all of that at risk.
“Professional after professional – unbiased advisers, individuals whose job it is to warn Prime Ministers – have stated it will shrink our financial system.”
“I consider, very deeply, from my years of experience, that we’ll be stronger, we’ll be safer, we’ll be higher off inside Europe. To put it as clearly as I can: our financial security is paramount.
“It is stronger if we stay. If we depart, we put it in danger.”
▪ ALL OF THESE 10 PRIME MINISTERS had good points and dangerous points, and policies that not everybody agreed with.
However throughout their premierships, all of them without exception unanimously supported our membership of the European Group as being in Britain’s greatest pursuits.
Might they all have been incorrect? Please think about it.
Just one Prime Minister (Theresa Might), out of Britain’s eleven Prime Ministers of the past 62 years, needs us out of Europe, when all the opposite Prime Ministers needed us in.
* Before Harold Macmillan, Sir Anthony Eden was Conservative Prime Minister from 1955 until he resigned on 9 January 1957. He was a Eurosceptic who made the momentous determination for the UK not to be a founder member of the European Financial Group, when six different European nations signed the Treaty of Rome, just two months after Sir Anthony left office.
* Earlier than Sir Anthony Eden, Sir Winston Churchill was the Conservative Prime Minister from 1951 to 1955. In the quick post-war years, he strongly promoted ‘a union of Europe as an entire’ and a ‘United States of Europe’ however he didn’t envisage at that time Britain becoming a member of such a union. There’s compelling evidence, nevertheless, that Churchill – who’s recognised as one of the 11 founders of the European Union – changed his mind in the late 1950s. Please see my separate report ‘Winston Churchill: A founder of the European Union’
- My campaign, Reasons2Remain, is three years previous. 2-minute video:
- Be a part of and share the dialogue about this text on Fb:
This entry was posted in Current Affairs, Democracy & Citizenship, Economics & Trade, Politics & Public Coverage, The EU and tagged Alec Douglas-Residence, brexit, Widespread Market, David Cameron, Edward Heath, EEC, European Economic Group, European Union, Gordon Brown, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, John Main, Margaret Thatcher, Theresa Might, Tony Blair. Bookmark the permalink.
Feedback are closed.